U.S. automotive corporation. Founded in Detroit, Mich., in 1903 by Henry Ford and a group of investors, the company introduced the hugely successful Model T in 1908 and by 1923 was producing more than half of all U.S. automotive vehicles. Through the Lincoln Motor Co. (acquired in 1922), Ford produced luxury Lincolns and Continentals. After years of declining sales, the Model T was succeeded by the Model A in 1927; other companies such as General Motors took the opportunity to make serious inroads into Ford’s dominance. The company was reincorporated in 1919, with Ford and his family acquiring full ownership. Henry’s son Edsel served as president 1919 – 43, and Henry’s grandson Henry Ford II led the company 1945 – 79, reviving its fortunes considerably. Its stock was first publicly traded in 1956. Ford acquired the British automaker Jaguar in 1989 – 90, bought the rental car company Hertz Corp. in 1994, and purchased the automobile division of Volvo in 1999. Later acquisitions included Aston Martin and the Land Rover brand of sport utility vehicles. Ford also owns a significant share of the Mazda Motor Corp. Because of financial struggles at the beginning of the 21st century, the company sold off Aston Martin in 2007 and both Jaguar and Land Rover in 2008. Ford manufactures passenger cars, trucks, and tractors as well as parts and accessories.



A gamer is a devoted player of electronic games, especially on machines especially designed for such games and, in a more recent trend, over the Internet. Playing such games is known as gaming, a term first used as a synonym for gambling. An IDC Research document, Trends Today, Insights for Tomorrow, IDC’s 2001 Videogame Survey, reported that the average gamer is a twenty-one year old male who devotes 9-10 hours a week to this hobby.

Pong, an electronic version of ping pong, was the first

widely played video game. According to legend, when Atari first tested Pong in a California bar the machine the game was played on broke down from overuse after two days. Pong was a simple game: you moved a bar up and down to deflect the ball, which your opponent (either the machine or another player) would attempt to deflect on the other side. Since those early days, gaming has grown increasingly complex. There are many categories of games, including simple games such as Tetris, role-playing games (RPGs) such as Dungeons and Dragons, and hugely popular games such as Quake.

Because of the slow response time in playing games over the Internet, a new trend is to join a gathering of other gamers at a LAN party, in which each gamer typically brings their own computer and attaches it to a local area network set up for the occasion.

Beat me if you caN~

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